Sunday, 25 October 2009

Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword (part 4)



Biochemistry: Fosfor

2. FOSFOR (P)
Forfor sebagai fosfat, penting dalam struktur dan fungsi semua sel hidup. Fosfat da-lam sel sebagai ion bebas, merupakan bagian penting asam-asam nukleat, nukleotida dan beberapa protein.Dalam ruang ekstraseluler, fosfat bersirkulasi sebagai ion bebas dan terdapat sebagai hidroksiapatit, komponen utama dari tulang, Semua sel mempunyai enzim-enzim yang dapat mengikatkan fosfat dalam ikatan ester atau anhidrida asam ke molekul lain.

Metabolisme
Fosfat bebas diabsorpsi dalam jejunum bagian tengah dan masuk aliran darah melalui sirkulasi portal. Pengaturan absorpsi fosfat diatur oleh 1 , 25–dihidroksikolekalsiferol (1,25-dihidroksivitamin D ). Fosfat ikut dalam pengaturan derivat aktif vitamin D .

Saturday, 24 October 2009

Biochemistry: Kalsium

1. KALSIUM (Ca)
Fungsi
Kalsium merupakan mineral terbanyak di tubuh manusia, yaitu 1200 gram pada orang dewasa berat 70 kg. 99 persen Ca terdapat pada tulang dan gigi. Ca dan fosfat membentuk endapan hidroksiapatit di bawah jaringan kolagen. Hubungan hi-droksiapatit dengan kolagen bertanggung jawab terhadap kekerasan dan daya tahan tu-lang.Tulang mengandung cukup banyak Ca fosfat nonkristal, Ca karbonat dan garam-garam lain dalam jumlah lebih kecil. Mineral menyusun sekitar 50 persen total masa rangka, sisa massa terdiri dari matrik organik protein, glikoprotein, dan proteoglikan, dimana garam Ca diendapkan.Tulang terus menerus dibentuk kembali (remodel), kadar mineral mencerminkan keseimbangan antara endapan dan pengambilan dari tulang sehari-hari. Sebanyak 700 mg Ca,memasuki dan meninggalkan tulang setiap hari.

Biochemistry: Metabolisme Mineral

METABOLISME MINERAL
Unsur-unsur kimia yang terdapat di dalam tubuh manusia terdiri atas 5 kelompok, yaitu :
1. Karbon, hidrogen, oksigen, nitrogen dan sulphur, merupakan komponen utama mole kul-molekul tubuh.
2. Kalsium, fosfor, magnesium, natrium, kalium, dan klorida. Merupakan mineral yang penting untuk nutrisi. Dibutuhkan dalam makanan lebih besar dari 100 mg/hari.
3. Kromium, kobalt, tembaga,yodium, besi, mangan, molybdenum, selenium, dan seng.
Merupakan unsur runutan (trace elemen) yang terdapat sedikit dalam tubuh.
Fluor,dianggap sebagai bagian kelompok ini, berperan mencegah kerusakan gigi.
4. Arsen, kadmium, nikel silicon, timah, dan vanadium. Merupakan unsur tambahan dan
tidak diketahui mempunyai fungsi essensial pada manusia.
5. Timah hitam dan air raksa. Unsur tersebut beracun.

Biochemistry: Air



AIR
Jumlah air tubuh 50-90 persen berat badan dan berbanding langsung dengan permukaan badan. Perbandingan berat air menurun sesuai dengan usia dan meninggi sesuai dengan kandungan lemak tubuh.
Fungsi :
1. Berperan dalam reaksi biokimia, menjadi media transpor proses intra sel, sebagai peli-
cin (lubricant).
2. Mengatur suhu tubuh dengan cara penguapan melalui paru dan kulit.

Biochemistry: Laporan Biokimia Gigi dan Saliva


Iyo-iyo da na
This would be the last reports for biochemistry practice. About teeth and saliva. Indeed important for Dentistry student.

ACARA IV
GIGI DAN SALIVA

Tujuan Praktikum
Tujuan praktikum gigi dan saliva ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan zat yang terdapat dapat gigi dan saliva, dan mengetahui fungsi saliva yang diintergrasikan dalam pencernaan tubuh manusia.

Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword (part 3)

Jyan-jyan-jyaaannn~~~
Kore wa... kore wa...
Pa-to surii.
Mattemashita.
Ikimasho~~



Thursday, 22 October 2009

Manga Review: Fruit Basket Chapter 1



Fruit Basket is a manga created by Natsuki Takaya-sensei. It has 23 tankoubon and in Indonesia, monthly manga-magazine Hanalala, has already released the transliteration of the manga. I am one of the fans of Fruit Basket. This manga (and the anime) was the first time struck my heart when I was at my junior high. Since I am Fruit Basket's fans, I might do unnecessary things for the sake of the story. Want to know one of it? I transliterated the first chapter of the manga and the episode 16 of the anime. The story itself is ridiculously not just superficial shoujo manga. NOPE! Eventhough that might be the first impression. The manga is full of twist and when you think that the story reach its anti-climax, the plot will change suddenly with a lot of surprises here and there. Oh, my! So, as a warming up. Enjoy the first chapter of the manga. Here say, my English is so-so. The translation was in Indonesian. O tanoshimi, minna-san~~~

Biochemistry: Laporan Biokimia Karbohidrat




ACARA III
KARBOHIDRAT

Tujuan Praktikum
Praktikum ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sifat-sifat fisik dan kimia karbohidrat, mengtahui jenis-jenis karbohidrat, reaksi-reaksi identifikasi dan sifat-sifat karbohidrat dan membuktikan kandungan karbohidrat pada suatu zat berdasarkan reaksi-reaksi tertentu.

Biochemistry: Laporan Biokimia Lipida


ACARA II
LIPIDA

Tujuan Praktikum
Praktikum ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kelarutan lemak dalam berbagai solvent (zat pelarut), penjenuhan, ketengikan, emulsi dan sifat lemak yang lain.

Tinjauan Pustaka
Lipid adalah sekumpulan senyawa di dalam tubuh yang memiliki ciri-ciri yang serupa dengan malam, gemuk (grease), atau minyak. Karena bersifat hidrofobik, golongan senyawa ini dapat dipakai tubuh sebagai sarana yang bermanfaat untuk berbagai keperluan. Misalnya jenis lipid yang dikenal sebagai trigliserida berfungsi sebagai bahan bakar yang penting. Senyawa ini sangat efisien untuk dipakai sebagai simpanan bahan penghasil energi karena terkumpul dalam butir-butir kecil yang hampir-hampir bebas air, membuatnya jauh lebih ringan daripada timbunan karbohidrat setara yang sarat air. Jenis lipid yang lain lagi merupakan bahan structural yang penting. Kemampuan lipid jenis ini untuk saling bergabung menyingkirkan air dan senyawa polar lain menyebabkannya dapat membentuk membran sehingga memungkinkan adanya berbagai organisme yang kompleks. Membran tersebut memisahkan satu sel dengan sel yang lain di dalam jaringan, serta memisahkan berbagai organel di dalam sel menjadi ruangan-ruangan yang memiliki ciri kimia tertentu sehingga dapat ditata dan diatur sendiri (Gilvery & Goldstein, 1996).

Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword (part 2)

Jyan-jyan-jyan...
Due to the burden of the loading page. I post the cinematic scenes for fanfic Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword into five part. The first part was already published. So, now, here the second part. Enjoy it if and only if, you have time and good bandwidth to support because this page only loading picture.


Biochemistry: laporan Biokimia Protein

Good morning, mina-san. How are you today? My biochemistry report were fine (I think), so I intended to post it here. There are four reports. They are: Protein, Carbohydrate, Lipid and Teeth and Saliva. Actually, these reports belong not only to me, but also to my group when we had biochemistry practice together back then in the second semester.
Starting from Protein report then. Ikimashou...

The Colour of Love_Animonster version




Yare-yare... what do you think, minna-san?

Sunday, 18 October 2009

Fire Emblem: The Blazing Sword (part 1)

SPOILER ALERT-SPOILER ALERT-SPOILER ALERT
Saya sedang kurang kerjaan!

I had mention before. This post is just for fun. I had unlocked all the support conversation in this game. All 100%. Banzai (?!?). So as the follow up, I arrange the cinematic scenes. Enjoy it (if you have time).



Forensik: Identifikasi Forensik

Instead of this topic been buried in the dust, I wrote the back and post these lecture of Forensic Dentistry for those who need the topic. The lecturer was given by drg. Sara Afari Gadro, MKes. The topic given were merely basic understanding for Forensic Dentistry, beyond that, we have to look for another sources if want some improvement. Speaking of which, this is just of the record, I was intended to maintain my body vitality. Ehehe... I am going to swimming regularly one every two weeks. Yeah, I'm pretty lame in swimming. I am only able to practice frog style and reversed-frog style. My sparring partner has better technique. She almost can do every technique! Yes, she is amazing! Last Saturday was our first swimming practice. After a couple of an hour, I (or we) felt exhausted. We had a delicious breakfast: Mie Yamin Polos and Bubur Ayam. OISHII~~~ Oh, well, I said it.

Saturday, 10 October 2009

Ouran High School Host Club : a Review



Uwaa..... School love comedy is the best! Haw hah ha! I happened to read manga ‘Ouran High School Host Club’ and hilarious laughs are the output. It’s unbelievably fresh, funny, crazy and enjoyable! (PERHATIAN: ini manga dan anime ngaco!) At first, I was not very impressed with the cover (of the manga) but I suddenly picked the first tankoubon and found that these manga is superb (haw ha ha). The mangas were created by Bisco Hatori and the tankoubon had reached four (or so I saw it last time at manga rental). The manga concern was at the host club daily events and activities.
Fujioka Haruhi is a special student of Ouran High School because she is unexceptionally poor but outstanding student (she entered Ouran via scholarship), in the other way, all students of Ouran are kanemochi (rich or super rich men). Oh, well, because she did something unintentionally at the host club, she was apprehended to be one of the new members of host club. HWA ha haha!!

Anatomy: The Twelfth Cranial Nerve



NERVUS CRANIALIS XII
NERVUS HYPOGLOSSUS

Nervus hypoglossus merupakan nervus motorik lidah. Serabut berasal dari sel-sel nucleus hypoglossus yang merupakan perpanjangan di anterior basis columna anterior substansi grisea medulla spinalis. Nucleus ini mempunyai panjang 2 cm dan pars superiornya berkorespondensi dengan trigonus hypoglossi atau pars inferior eminensia medialis fossa rhomboid.pars inferior nucleus memanjang ke inferior membentuk bagian tertutup medulla oblongata. Serabut nervus berjalan ke anterior melalui medulla oblongata dan muncul di antero-lateral sulcus diantara pyramida dan oliva. Nervus menembus duramater dan membentuk dua bendel saraf. Nervus melewati canalis

Anatomy: The Eleventh Cranial Nerve



NERVUS CRANIALIS XI – NERVUS ACCESSORIUS
Spinal Accessory Nerve

Nervus accessories terdiri atas dua bagian, yaitu radiks kranialis dan spinalis.

Radix Kranialis (ramus internus; pars accessories) adalah radiks yang lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan radiks spinalis. Serabut nervus berasal dari nucleus anbiguus dan muncul sebagai empat atau lima filament dari sisi medulla oblongata, di bawah radiks nervus vagus. Nervus ini berjalan ke arah lateral menuju foramen jugulare, nervus ini berpisah dari radiks spinalis dan menuju permukaan tempat nervus ini terikat, dan terdistribusi menuju cabang nervus vagus nervus faringeus dan nervus lanringeus superior. Melalui ramus faringeus, nervus ini mensuplai musculus uvulæ and levator veli palatini. Beberapa filamen melanjutkan diri ke batang nervus vagus di bawah ganglion, terdistribusi bersama-sama dengan nervus recurrent dan mungkin juga nervus cardiac.

Anatomy: The Tenth Cranial Nerve


Truly, this chapter translation made me mad and devastated.
But, I hope it turn well in the end.

NERVUS VAGUS
Nervus Cranialis X, Nervus Pneumogastrik

Nervus vagus terdiri atas serabut motorik dan sensorik dan memiliki rangkaian dan distribusi yang lebih luas daripada nervus kranialis yang lain, karena nervus ini berjalan melewati leher dan dada menuju abdomen.

Anatomy: The Ninth Cranial Nerve




NERVUS CRANIALIS IX
NERVUS GLOSSOPHARYNGEUS

Nervus glossopharingeus terdiri atas serabut motorik dan sensorik, dan terdistribusi sesuai dengan namanya, menuju lidah dan faring. Nervus ini merupakan nervus sensasi umum membran mukosa faring, faucium dan tonsila palatina, dan nervus pengecap sepertiga posterior ligah. Nervus ini terikat dalam tiga hingga empat filamen pada bagian superior medulla oblongata, pada sulcus di antara oliva dan pedunculus inferior.

Anatomy: The Eighth Cranial Nerve


NERVUS CRANIALIS VIII
NERVUS VESTIBULOCOCHLEARIS

Nervus vestibulocochlearis disebut juga nervus akustik, terdiri atas dua serabut yang berbeda dalam hal akhiran perifernya, hubungan sentral, fungsi dan waktu medulasi.
1. Nervus Cocchlearis (nervus pendengaran)
Radix cocchlearis muncul dari sel-sel bipolar pada ganglion spiral cocchlearis yang terletak pada ujung dalam lamina spiral osseus. Serabut perifer melewati organ Corti. Serabut sentral turun menuju modiolus dan foramina tractus spiralis foraminosus atau ke foramen centrale menuju akhiran lateral meatus accusticus internus. Nervus ini melewati meatus accusticus internus bersama nervus vestibularis dan melewati spatia subarachnoidea, tepat di atas flocculus, sebelah medial terhadap pedunculus inferior yang kemudian berakhir di nucleus cochlear.

Anatomy: The Seventh Cranial Nerve




NERVUS CRANIALIS VII
NERVUS FACIALIS

Nervus facialis terdiri atas bagian motorik dan sensorik. Bagian sensorik sering disebut juga nervus intermedius (pars intermedii of Wrisberg). Keduanya muncul pada batas bawah pons pada recessus diantara oliva dan pedunculus inferior, bagian motorik yang terletak lebih medial segera menuju sisi lateral bagian sensorik.

Friday, 9 October 2009

An Unusual Presentation of a Lingual Ulcerative Lesion - eMedicine Case

It's weekend, minna-san~~~
What do you usually do at weekend?

It's little bit unusual case found at eMedicine Case Presentation about Oral Healt and Dentistry, but I managed to found one of it.
So, here we go...

An Unusual Presentation of a Lingual Ulcerative Lesion
Talib A. Najjar, DMD, MDS, PhD; Prabhjot Singh, B Med Sc, DDS

Background
A 78-year-old man presents to the oral surgery clinic complaining of discomfort along the left lateral border of his tongue. He states that he first noticed a lesion on his tongue approximately 4 weeks ago, and since that time it has progressively become larger and more bothersome. The patient denies having any fevers, chills, drainage at the site of the lesion, or generalized swelling in the head and neck. A blade implant was placed in the left mandible 15 years ago to restore the lower left 1st and 2nd premolar teeth (a blade implant is an older system to replace missing teeth; this has been replaced by the use of single or multiple titanium implants to replace missing teeth). He has no known chronic medical conditions. He has no allergies and does not take any medications. He reports a 30 pack-year history of smoking, as well as occasional alcohol use.

Thursday, 8 October 2009

Jaundice and Fever Following a Trip Abroad-eMedicine Case

Refreshing your mind for a sec, won't you?
For dentist ni narimasu-tachi, let's open your Clinic Pathology Lesson from your little grey cells. Yare-yare... I did answer the quiz wrong. Watashi wa damasareta. Ehehe... machigai chatta...
The quiz was taken from eMedicine case presentation.
Here we go:

Background
A 30-year-old man presents to the emergency department (ED) with fever, yellow eyes, and abdominal pain. The patient developed the fever, as well as chills and myalgia, approximately 5 days before presentation. He treated himself with antibiotics that he "had laying around the house," but there was no improvement in his condition. His fever remained high (up to 104°F [40°C]), and he later developed upper abdominal pain and decreased urine output. He denies having any diarrhea, vomiting, or respiratory symptoms. He reports no blood in his stool or urine. He has no significant medical or surgical history. He has no known allergies and is not currently taking medication. For the past year, the patient has been travelling between the United States and Equatorial Guinea. In fact, the patient recently returned from a 2-month trip to Equatorial Guinea last week. He denies smoking tobacco, consuming alcohol, or using illicit drugs.

Wednesday, 7 October 2009

References: Oral Manifestation of Patient with Diabetes Mellitus tipe 2


We live in tropic country, the temperature don't goes up or down drastically. The sun shines every year. Today, like - aikawarazu - always, is also hot. But sometimes, I can see cloud crawling and creeping around. Ridiculously, it's not rain... though it's pretty dark! Well, cloudy doesn't mean rain.

Anyway, this post especially dedicated to Amanda Rizkia-san, wherever you are. I hope you look out the original journal, because the way I translated might different with the actual meaning. Oh, my English is so-so. Sore dewa, ok then, Jyaa-aan~~

Monday, 5 October 2009

Syarat-syarat Flap Rongga Mulut

KONBANWA... It's already October, kind of chilly outside. I guess my appetite is increasing. I tried 'mie ayam jakarta' and I thought it was superb. What's more, I was hungry. Ohoho... (Gochishousama deshita~~~)

Oh, yeah, I got a request from anak-KG-san. I thought the topic was about minor surgery. I found interesting book about it. So since I had free time to type it, I intended to publish it also.
Oh, well... see the reference below to know the detail. The picture shown below is kind like the resume. Jyaannn... benkyo shimasho ka.

Reference: Pedersen GW. 1988. Translation of Oral Surgery. First Edition. WB Saunders Company: Philadelphia

Dental Management Considerations for the Patient with Diabetes Mellitus


Disclaimer: This translation is dedicated to those who want to understand the article in Indonesian. Though my English transliteration is so-so, I hope my translation about this great journal help those who share the same interest about this topic. This translation is purely and merely for informational and educational purposes only. The copyright for this journal was belong to its respective own author and JADA. Psst... listen to "Dive to The World"! The first Opening Single for Katekyoushi HITMAN Reborn! Uwahhh.... so energic and powerful... love the song very much...

Pertimbangan Penatalaksanaan Dental Pasien dengan Diabetes Mellitus
(Dental Management Considerations for the Patient with Diabetes Mellitus)
Rajesh V. Lalla and Joseph A. D’Ambrosio
J Am Dent Assoc 2001; 132: 1425-32